The period between the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 1 February 2020 and 31 December 2020 was a transition period agreed in the Withdrawal Agreement. It gave citizens, businesses and public administrations time to prepare for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU single market and the EU customs union. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation and give THE UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal.   The most important elements of the draft agreement are as follows: The inclusion of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. The protection of those who have moved abroad has been a top priority since the beginning of the negotiations. The House of Commons votes in favour of the Brexit bill. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January.
However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have not yet approved the agreement. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially an agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK), which sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The earlier version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, which led to Queen Elizabeth II. accepted Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appointed Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The draft contains ten annexes. The first is a protocol to maintain an open border between the EU and the UK on the island of Ireland (commonly known as the « Irish backstop »). The second concerns arrangements for a common customs territory between the EU and the UK until a technical solution allows for both an open border and an independent customs policy can be found. The third concerns operations in the common customs territory. The fourth concerns « good governance in the areas of taxation, environmental protection, social and labour standards, state aid, competition and public enterprises ». The fifth to eighth concerns the relevant provisions of EU law.
The ninth and tenth describe the procedures resulting from the main sections of the project. After the entry into force of the MCA, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The transitional period shall not be extended. The UK has said it does not want an extension. The option of an extension has been included in the Withdrawal Agreement. The UK and the EU had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended.   The Northern Ireland Protocol, commonly referred to as the « Irish backstop », was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland following the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. People covered by Part 2 of the Withdrawal Agreement have broadly the same rights to work, study and access to public services and benefits as before the UK left the EU.
The new relationship will only become clear when the negotiations are concluded, at the end of the transition period. The new agreements will enter into force after the transitional period, which ends on 31 December 2020. EU countries must first accept these new agreements. If the UK and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a no-deal Brexit. This will happen at the end of the transition period. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s exit from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. Any agreement is only good if it is actually implemented. The implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement includes the adoption of legal acts by the European Union, its Member States and the United Kingdom, as well as the implementation through the adoption of policies and measures related to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom.
This includes the responsibility to monitor implementation by both parties and ensure compliance. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement at the time by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 on 23 January 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union took effect on 11.m. GMT on 31 January 2020, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement pursuant to Article 185 entered into force. To exercise these rights, citizens may need to apply for a new residency status, depending on the countries that have decided to opt for a so-called constitutive or declaratory system. .